Bedbugs can be a real menace around the home. Just the thought of them will not allow you to get a good night’s sleep. They have been there for so many years. In as much as they feed on human blood, they do not spread any diseases. However, there are people who are allergic to its bites. Once they invade your home, it becomes difficult to get rid of them. For this reason, you have to take the necessary steps to keep your house free from these insects. However, there are steps you can follow to keep them away from your home. This article provides you with all the information you need to know about bed bug control. You will also find out how to know when your home is infested with bed bugs.

What are they?

Bedbugs are scientifically known as cimex lectularius. The name bed bugs came about as a result of their habitat. They hide in mattresses, sofas and soft furnishings. They are small in size and feed on warm blooded animals. This makes human beings their target. You can see the eggs, adults and even nymphs with your naked eyes. You can identify bed bugs from their appearance. They are flat, oval and reddish brown in color. They are the size of an apple seed and oval shaped. They are flat and wingless insects. They cannot fly but they crawl really fast. These insects are one quarter inch long before a meal.

They normally become swollen once they suck blood from their host. You can also identify bed bugs by their behavior and diet. They feed on blood. However, they can last for up to one year without a meal during the cold season. These insects are active during the night. You can find them hidden in mattress seams, crevices and cracks. They have become a problem in army barracks, dormitories, private homes and cruise ships.

What should I be concerned about?

Now that you know what bed bugs are? How do you know whether you have bed bug infestation? When you or your kids wake up in the morning complaining of being bitten when they are sleeping, then you should examine your bedrooms. You can identify the eggs because they look like poppy seeds. When you spot a bedbug then know they have infested your home. Defecation is also a sign of bed bugs; they normally leave behind black stains. You can train your dogs to sniff out these insects. A well trained dog can easily sniff the scent of a bed bug.

They can be picked up from hotels, offices gyms and stores. Once they get in your home it becomes difficult to control them. You should make sure you clean your clothes after a trip. Catching bed bugs early will help you to control them and reduce cost of pest control experts. They reproduce at a very fast rate. In a day, the female can lay up to five eggs in a day.

What do they feed on?

Bed bugs feed on their host while they are sleeping. Their peek feeding time is an hour before the sun rises. They get their supply of blood from host. They inject saliva into the skin. They do not like sunlight and attack at night. They are normally attracted to their host by carbon dioxide and warmth. Bedbugs crawl until they reach their host. It normally pierces the skin with two hollow tubes. One tube acts as anesthetic that make the host not to feel anything. The second tube sucks the blood of the host. Their feeding normally takes about five minutes. It goes back to its hiding place after feeding. It is not easy to spot the bite immediately. These bites can be noticed after a few hours or days. Human will notice the bed bug bite after scratching the area. They feed after every ten days. Bedbugs can take so many months without feeding. A bed bug that has fed well can live for six to nine months.

How do I treat them?

There are two way on treating bed bugs. You can d it yourself or call a pest control company. In order to kill the bed bugs on your own there are a number of things you should do. The first step to getting rid of bed bugs is cleaning the bed bug hide outs. This includes the curtains, linens and beddings. Use a brush to remove the bugs from your mattress. You can also repair any cracks and remove clutter from your bed. However, you should get rid of your mattress if it has become infested.

There will be a red bump on your skin from the bite. It is the anesthetic that causes the red bumps. Bed bug bites are very similar to mosquito bites; however, they last for a longer. The signs and symptoms of these bites only appear on the skin surface. You will notice bites in a row. 50 percent of people who get these bites do not experience symptoms. The good thing is that they do not transmit any diseases. The infection is caused as a result of the scratching. The bites will go away in one or two weeks. There are several ways that you can treat bed bugs.

Bed bugs should not stress you up. Now that you are well informed, take the necessary steps to avoid these insects from causing you sleepless nights. In case you do not have time for do it yourself methods, you can hire the services of pest control. Bed bug control should be a thing of the past. All you have to do is just make sure that you follow the necessary procedures. When it comes to bed bugs, prevention is always better. You can prevent their infestation by de-cluttering your house. You can also ensure that your furniture is not near the walls. By doing this, you will reduce the areas where the bed bugs can hide. Make sure that you air out your beddings and mattress often. You should ensure that your house is not cluttered. This will ensure that the house is not infested with the bed bugs. Preventing the bed bugs from entering your home will make it a lot easier to get rid of these insects.

If you are in doubt, always contact your local pest control professionals.  They can provide you with indepth knowledge on how to eradicate and prevent those little suckers from coming back into your life.